Philosophy terms

Eastern philosophy and Indian philosophy Indian philosophy Sanskrit: For example, egotists often talk about themselves a lo Criticizing a position by calling attention to irrelevant personal characteristics of someone who holds it.

Colin McGinn Philosophy terms others claim that no philosophical progress has occurred during that interval.

Antinomianism is the polar opposite of legalismthe notion that obedience to a code of religious law is necessary for salvation. The 20th century saw the split between Analytic philosophy and Continental philosophyas well as philosophical trends such as PhenomenologyExistentialismLogical PositivismPragmatism and the Linguistic turn.

Inference to the best explanation. A broad and impartial conception of philosophy then, finds a reasoned inquiry into such matters as reality, morality and life in all world civilizations. Thus, people may Philosophy terms of anti-realism with respect to other minds, the past, the future, universalsmathematical entities such as natural numbersmoral categoriesthe material world, or even thought.

The 19th- and 20th-century Arab world saw the Nahda awakening or renaissance movement which influenced contemporary Islamic philosophy.

Antinatalism is a philosophical position that assigns a negative value to birth.

Occam’s Razor

A branch of metaphysics concerned specifically with what kinds of things there are. With the rise of the Roman empireGreek philosophy was also increasingly discussed in Latin by Romans such as Cicero and Seneca.

Definition Do you believe that everything has a purpose? Early wisdom literature from the fertile crescent was a genre which sought to instruct people on ethical action, practical living and virtue through stories and proverbs. Curiosity is endless — the bet The Aztec worldview posited the concept of an ultimate universal energy or force called Ometeotl which can be translated as "Dual Cosmic Energy" and sought a way to live in balance with a constantly changing, "slippery" world.

Glossary of philosophy

Rather, it means the one with fewer moving parts: These philosophical traditions developed metaphysical, political and ethical theories such TaoYin and yangRen and Li which, along with Chinese Buddhismdirectly influenced Korean philosophyVietnamese philosophy and Japanese philosophy which also includes the native Shinto tradition.

Pre-Islamic Iranian philosophy begins with the work of Zoroasterone of the first promoters of monotheism and of the dualism between good and evil. Antinomianism is the polar opposite of legalismthe notion that obedience to a code of religious law is necessary for salvation.

And we search for explanations for the universe in general. All cats are fat, a fortiori Tibbles is fat. That is, if you have two possible theories that fit all available evidence, the best theory is the one with fewer moving parts.

Glossary of Philosophy Terms

Jewish philosophy and Christian philosophy are religio-philosophical traditions that developed both in the Middle East and in Europe, which both share certain early Judaic texts mainly the Tanakh and monotheistic beliefs.

CraneElder OlsonRichard McKeonWayne Boothand others that means "A view of literature and criticism that takes a pluralistic attitude toward the history of literature and seeks to view literary works and critical theories intrinsically.GLOSSARY OF PHILOSOPHICAL TERMS z absolutism The view that there are some types of action that are strictly prohibited by morality.

This is a brief glossary of some of the general philosophical terms and basic concepts used in philosophy to explain other concepts and doctrines, and which do not have a page of their own in this website.

It is not an exhaustive alphabetical listing of the schools. Philosophy Index features an overview of philosophy through the works of great philosophers from throughout time. Glossary of Philosophy Terms The following is a glossary of philosophical terms and topics discussed here on Philosophy Index.

Glossary of Philosophy Terms

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Glossary of philosophy

Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c.

– BCE). Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation. This is a concise guide to technical terms and personal names often encountered in the study of philosophy.


What you will find here naturally reflects my own philosophical interests and convictions, but everything is meant to be clear, accurate, and fair, a reliable source of information on Western philosophy for a broad audience.

Philosophy terms
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