The widespread use of English in worship has often been suggested as one of the historic reasons for the decline of Gaelic. From Nagarjunakonda2nd century CE. Even English has general, albeit complex, rules that predict pronunciation from spelling, and these rules are successful most of the time; rules to predict spelling from the pronunciation have a higher failure rate.
In alphabets in the narrow sense, on the other hand, consonants and vowels are written as independent letters. In accordance with the principle on which alphabets are based, these rules will generally map letters of the alphabet to the phonemes significant sounds of the spoken language.
The Georgian alphabet Georgian: National languages sometimes elect to address the problem of dialects by simply associating the alphabet with the national standard. Latin, never one of the primary literary languages, rapidly declined in importance except within the Church of Rome. At the same time Arabic and Persian began a slow decline in importance as the Islamic Golden Age ended.
In French, these are not considered to be additional letters for the purposes of collation.
That said, there are few words with j, k, v, x, y or z, and the ones which do exist are generally words incorporated from English. Pronunciation of individual words may change according to the presence of surrounding words in a sentence sandhi.
In later Pahlavi papyriup to half of the remaining graphic distinctions of these twelve letters were lost, and the script could no longer be read as a sequence of letters at all, but instead each word had to be learned as a whole—that is, they had become logograms as in Egyptian Demotic.
The classical alphabet had 24 letters, 7 of which were vowels, and consisted of capital letters, ideal for monuments and inscriptions. Thai has a total of 59 symbols, consisting of 44 consonants, 13 vowels and 2 syllabics, not including 4 diacritics for tone marks and one for vowel length.
In the narrower sense, some scholars distinguish "true" alphabets from two other types of segmental script, abjads and abugidas.
A distinct Hebrew variant of the Phoenician scriptcalled by scholars the paleo-Hebrew alphabetemerged by the 10th century BCE,  examples of which are represented in the Gezer calendar and the Siloam inscription.
The numeric value runs parallel to the Greek one, the consonants without a Greek equivalent are organized at the end of the alphabet. Even more extreme, the Pahlavi abjad eventually became logographic.
Phonemic orthography When an alphabet is adopted or developed to represent a given language, an orthography generally comes into being, providing rules for the spelling of words in that language. It is unknown whether the earliest alphabets had a defined sequence.
This is the first recorded time that Gaelic has ever been taught as an official course on Prince Edward Island. Orthography and pronunciation Main article: Viewers of Freeviewa non-subscription digital TV service, can receive the channel TeleGwhich broadcasts for an hour every evening.
A language may represent the same phoneme with two or more different letters or combinations of letters.
This gradually gave way to the boustrophedon style, and after bce Greek was always written from left to right. The Armenian script's directionality is horizontal left-to-right, like the Latin and Greek alphabets.
Runic used an unrelated Futhark sequence, which was later simplified.The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association in the late 19th century as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language.
. Irish Gaelic (Gaeilge nah Eireann) is a Celtic language spoken bypeople as a first language, and by another 1, people as a second language in Ireland withfirst-language speakers worldwide (Ethnologue).
T h e Paris t y p e of 0 = Irish Alphabet P a r t of a very common catechism printed in Antwerp with t h Lonvain t v ~ of r a n ' n p.p rolpbpen.t n o r v 3 n j r' r n'7ctp3.
q l y2 6. The Alphabets of Europe uses the following geographical and geophysical definition of Europe:“Europe” extends from the Arctic and Atlantic (including Iceland and the Faroe Islands) southeastwards to the Mediterranean (including Malta and Cyprus), with its eastern and southern borders being the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, and Anatolia, inclusive of Transcaucasia.
Slowly skill at reading and writing in the Greek alphabet spread among the upper classes throughout Greek-speaking areas. Particle experiments in the fifties and sixties produced copious numbers of mesons and baryons named after letters in the Greek alphabet. Gaelic Written Alphabet Writing in the Gaelic Irish language first appeared around the time St Patrick introduced Christianity to Ireland in the 5th century.
As Latin was the language of communication within the Church, most early writing was in Latin and the writers were most often priests or monks.Download