Catholic reformation and baroque style

Baroque art and architecture

Rubens was one of a number of Flemish Baroque painters who received many commissions, and produced several of his best known works re-filling the empty churches. Another great painter of his age, Lucas van Leyden —is known mostly for his engravingssuch as The Milkmaid, which depicts peasants with milk cows.


In ornate churches, monasteries, and palaces designed by J. His iconic masterpiece is the diminutive church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontanedistinguished by a complicated plan arrangement that is partly oval and partly a cross and so has complex convex-concave wall rhythms.

Lutherans continued to worship in pre-Reformation churches, generally with few alterations to the interior. The second tendency was the consolidation of absolute monarchiesaccompanied by a simultaneous crystallization of a prominent and powerful middle class, which now came to play a role in art patronage.

During these years, he proposed that the church establish an office to censor religious images, an office that would be similar to the Index of Prohibited Books, an institution that, sincehad been charged with supervising and censoring book publication in Catholic countries.

In most of his paintings, even when depicting religious scenes, most space is given Catholic reformation and baroque style landscape or peasant life in 16th century Flanders.

This type of Baroque art is exemplified by the bold visionary sculpture and architecture of Berniniby the trompe l'oeil illusionistic ceiling frescoes of Pietro da Cortona - see his masterpiece Allegory of Divine Providence - and by the grandiose paintings of the Flemish master Rubens Subsequently the word came to denote any contorted idea or involuted process of thought.

The courtly style of Northern Mannerism in the second half of the century has been seen as partly motivated by the desire of rulers in both the Holy Roman Empire and France to find a style of art that could appeal to members of the courtly elite on both sides of the religious divide.

Usually unadorned and somehwat lacking in aesthetic appeal, pictures, sculptures, and ornate altar-pieces are largely absent; there are few or no candles; and crucifixes or crosses are also mostly absent. Robert Bellarmine —attacked the doctrinal positions of the Protestant reformers, but there was no one to rival the theological and moral engagement evident in the writings of Luther or the eloquence and passion characteristic of the works of John Calvin.

Under the ultra-devout King Philip IIpainters and sculptors of the Spanish Baroque produced some of the most spiritually intense illustrations of Catholic doctrine.

In the early Reformation artists, especially Cranach the Elder and Younger and Holbeinmade paintings for churches showing the leaders of the reformation in ways very similar to Catholic saints.

Among the contemporary artists Borromeo admired were Jacopo Bassano, Antonio Campi, and the great Venetian Titian, and his private collection of images included several works by these masters. Painting in Naples and Caravaggio in Naples Peter Paul Rubens, who remained in Rome untilwas the only great Catholic painter in the Baroque idiom, although Rembrandt and other Dutch artists were influenced by both Caravaggism and Bernini.

Further waves of "Counter-Reformation art" occurred when areas formerly Protestant were again brought under Catholic rule. Indebted to contemporary French and Spanish models, the palace is skillfully related to the landscape.

By the s, the cardinal had returned to Rome to take up administrative duties within the church. His sophisticated designs often feature multiple vaults, structures within structures and domes within domes. The very short passage dealing with art came only in the final session inas a last minute and little-discussed addition, based on a French draft.

It took longer for the Baroque style to reach Russia. Here the Creation left to the Annunciation can be seen. The rustic ambiance encouraged a freer articulation of architectural form at the royal hunting lodge of the Palazzina di Stupinigi This light-hearted style soon enveloped architecture, all forms of interior decoration, furniture, painting, sculpture and porcelain design.

Many artists provided drawings to book and print publishers, including Bruegel. During the Jubilee more than three million pilgrims visited the city to admire the many monuments that Clement and his immediate successors had built in preceding years.

The masters of spiritual inspiration were the artists who produced the awesome illusionist mural paintings - known as quadratura - on the walls and ceilings of Baroque churches. Spain and Portugal embraced it more enthusiastically, as did the Catholic areas of Germany, Austria, Hungary and the Spanish Netherlands.

It was known as Rococo. Peter Paul Rubens, who remained in Rome untilwas the only great Catholic painter in the Baroque idiom, although Rembrandt and other Dutch artists were influenced by both Caravaggism and Bernini.The term "Catholic Counter-Reformation art" describes the more stringent, doctrinal style of Christian art which was developed during the period c, in response to Martin Luther's revolt against Rome () and the Protestant Reformation art which followed.



one big misshapen pearl. STYLE ARTISTS and IMAGES VOCAB. HISTORICAL NOTE Baroque art falls into the period of Counter-Reformation led. View Test Prep - Chapter 20 The Catholic Reformation and the Baroque Style Quiz(1)(1).doc from BADMat Northeastern State University.

Quiz Questions for Chapter Select the letter of the%(1). At first, the Baroque style grew out of the Catholic pomp. and confidence accompanying the Counter-Reformation.

Later, as the style. spread north, it became popular at royal courts, where it symbolized the Baroque style in the use of vast spaces and curving lines. Hundreds of. Baroque style period Baroque is a period of artistic style that started around in Rome, Italy, and spread throughout the majority of Europe.

baroque period, era in the history of the Western arts roughly coinciding with the 17th century. The Catholic Reformation and the Baroque Style Chapter 20 Discussion Guide Catholic Reformation – Ignatius Loyola –Spiritual Exercises () Jesuit Order – a mixture of two elements.

Catholic reformation and baroque style
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