Steps in Choosing the President. They still play a key and prominent role in deciding the President of the US. Woodrow Wilson introduced the notion of the president as legislator in chief. Only three presidents during that long span acted with great energy, and each elicited a vehement congressional reaction.
Public opinion polls, on which presidents increasingly depended, were often biased and misleading. Nor is this concern entirely unfounded since there are three ways in which that could happen. That division of sentiment was exacerbated by events during the administration of George W.
Andrew Jackson exercised the veto flamboyantly; attempted, in the so-called Bank Warto undermine the Bank of the United States by removing federal deposits; and sought to mobilize the army against South Carolina when that state adopted an Ordinance of Nullification declaring the federal tariffs of and to be null and void within its boundaries.
The Senate was designed to represent each State equally regardless of its population. Proponents also point out that, far from diminishing minority interests by depressing voter participation, the Electoral College actually enhances the status of minority groups.
The Electoral College system, in contrast, encourages political parties to coalesce divergent interests into two sets of coherent alternatives.
Although there were a few anomalies in its early history, none have occurred in the past century. Chelsea House Publishers, Their argument is that, since each State is entitled to the same number of electoral votes regardless of its voter turnout, there is no incentive in the States to encourage voter participation.
This power remained a subject of controversy and was central to the impeachment of Andrew Johnson —69 in For example, he retired after two terms, establishing a tradition maintained until And even if he managed to win a few States, his support elsewhere would not be reflected.
There are votes and are needed for a majority. Also, the case for the unfairness of the system is very well exposed in YouTube by C. First, Article II itemizes, in sections 2 and 3, certain presidential powers, including those of commander in chief of the armed forces, appointment making, treaty making, receiving ambassadors, and calling Congress into special session.
State viewpoints, they decided, are more important than political minority viewpoints. Although there were a few anomalies in its early history, none have occurred in the past century. Indeed, there may even be an incentive to discourage participation and they often cite the South here so as to enable a minority of citizens to decide the electoral vote for the whole State.
Cornell University Press, Yet it is unclear how a direct election of the president could resolve such a deep national conflict without introducing a presidential run-off election -- a procedure which would add substantially to the time, cost, and effort already devoted to selecting a president and which might well deepen the political divisions while trying to resolve them.
Presidential power remained at unprecedented levels from the s to the mids, when Richard Nixon —74 was forced to resign the office because of his role in the Watergate Scandal.
In the midst of the Great DepressionCongress granted him unprecedented powers, and when it declined to give him the powers he wanted, he simply assumed them; after the Supreme Court acquiesced to the changes. But this is not a desirable solution.
Maybe he should have looked across the Atlantic Ocean, and into the U. But so, as an institution, does the United States Senate. By thus failing to accurately reflect the national popular will, the argument goes, the Electoral College reinforces a two party system, discourages third party or independent candidates, and thereby tends to restrict choices available to the electorate.
Their argument is that, since each State is entitled to the same number of electoral votes regardless of its voter turnout, there is no incentive in the States to encourage voter participation. For as opinion polls consistently showed, though Americans liked strong, activist presidents, they also distrusted and feared them.
On February 17,Jefferson was finally chosen president by the House, and with the ratification of the Twelfth Amendmentbeginning inelectors were required to cast separate ballots for president and vice president. A direct popular election of the president would likely have the opposite effect.
One effect of this mechanism is to make it extremely difficult for third party or independent candidates ever to make much of a showing in the Electoral College. Although Johnson was not convicted, he and the presidency were weakened. Theodore Roosevelt also introduced the practice of issuing substantive executive orders.
Why, then, apply a sentimental attachment to popular majorities only to the Electoral College? The fact that the Electoral College was originally designed to solve one set of problems but today serves to solve an entirely different set of problems is a tribute to the genius of the Founding Fathers.
There he would have found his answer: Still, if the prospect of a faithless Elector is so fearsome as to warrant a Constitutional amendment, then it is possible to solve the problem without abolishing the Electoral College merely by eliminating the individual Electors in favor of a purely mathematical process since the individual Electors are no longer essential to its operation.A second way in which a minority president could take office is if, as inone candidate's popular support were heavily concentrated in a few States while the other candidate maintained a slim popular lead in enough States to win the needed majority of the Electoral College.
Electing Presidents by states' votes, rather than individuals' votes, creates a method of electing a President who is a good compromise candidate for the majority of Americans The Electoral.
Arguments against the Electoral College A third way of electing a minority president is if a third party or candidate, however small, drew total. Far from being unusual, this sort of thing has, in fact, happened 15 times including (in this century) Wilson in both andTruman inKennedy inNixon.
Electoral College is Unfair, But it is Still the Best Way to Elect the President By Thaelman Urgelles | Nov. 10, A lot has been said about the unfairness of the Electoral College for electing.
Arguments against the Electoral College A third way of electing a minority president is if a third party or candidate, however small, drew total.
Far from being unusual, this sort of thing has, in fact, happened 15 times including (in this century) Wilson in both andTruman inKennedy inNixon. (document e) Although the electoral should be abolish undemocratic, small states overrepresented, and hurts third party system.
It can be flawed, but some people thinks its still the best system for our democracy. The Electoral college a good system for electing the president and vice in 21st century.Download